Symptoms of Coma in Elderly

Symptoms of Coma in Elderly

Coma in older people develops as a result of acute impairment of blood circulation in the brain, which leads to damage to the central nervous system and changes in the work of the vital processes of the body. The duration of coma lasts about 2-4 weeks. The outcome depends on the reasons that caused it, the severity and the area of damage. After regaining consciousness, tests are conducted that help assess the health of the patient.

Sources of coma:

circulatory disorders of the brain;

diabetes;

injuries and brain tumors;

acute renal or hepatic impairment;

violation of water and electrolyte metabolism in the body;

stroke;

intoxication of the body.

Primary symptoms of coma in the elderly:

Body temperature

If a coma in older people is caused due to extreme heat, it is accompanied by high temperatures of up to +43°C and dry skin. In case of poisoning with alcohol or medications, a lowered temperature of 32 – 34°С is diagnosed. The frequency of respiratory movements

Slow breathing may be caused by a lack of thyroid hormones or poisoning with drugs containing morphine. If the disorder develops due to bacterial intoxication, a brain tumor, renal failure, diabetes, then the patient may experience deep breathing. Blood pressure and heart rate

In cases where a coma in an elderly person is provoked by heart ailments, a decrease in the rhythm of heart contractions is observed. If the cause of the coma is high intracranial pressure, then the patient is diagnosed with a rapid heartbeat in combination with high blood pressure. Increased blood pressure is characteristic of patients in a coma due to a stroke. Low blood pressure may be observed in patients with diabetes. Also, it might be a result of poisoning with hypnotic drugs, extensive internal hemorrhage, myocardial infarction, etc.

The color of the skin

Saturated red skin indicates that the patient was poisoned with carbon monoxide. The blueness of the fingertips and nasolabial triangle indicate a lack of oxygen in the blood. If an elderly person in a coma has hematomas, is bleeding from the ears and nose, has bruises around the eyes, then it may be a result of a traumatic brain injury. If unnatural pallor of the skin is present, this may indicate extensive blood loss.

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